Silenus

   Depending on the ancient source consulted, Silenus is either the son of Pan or Mercury. Custodian, educator, and follower of Bacchus, he is normally represented in art as a jolly heavy-set figure who rides on a donkey, wears a crown of flowers or grape leaves, and is perpetually inebriated. Jusepe de Ribera presented the Drunken Silenus (1626; Naples, Museo Nazionale di Capodimonte) as a comical reclining nude holding up a glass of wine for one of his satyr companions to drink—a spoof on the sensuous female nudes from the Venetian School. Silenus is also featured in Annibale Carracci's Triumph of Bacchus, the central scene on the Farnese ceiling (c. 1597-1600; Palazzo Farnese, Rome), riding his donkey in the bacchic procession. In the Glorification of the Reign of Pope Urban VIII (1633-1639; Palazzo Barberini, Rome), he is included among the satyrs to denote the pope's rejection of lust and intemperance.

Historical dictionary of Renaissance art. . 2008.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Silenus — Si*le nus, n. [L. Silenus the tutor and attendant of Bacchus.] (Zo[ o]l.) See {Wanderoo}. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Silenus — dans la mythologie étrusque est la divinité de la nature sauvage, l équivalent de la Silène grecque. Source ... Articles connexes Liste des figures mythologiques étrusques v · Mythologie étrusque …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Silēnus — Silēnus, 1) s. Silenos; 2) ein aus dem Affengeschlechte Pavian gebildetes Geschlecht, zu ihm ist der Wandern u. Makak (s. b.) gerechnet …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Silēnus — Silēnus, s. Seilenos …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Silenus — 1710, from Gk. seilenos, foster father of Bacchus and leader of the satyrs …   Etymology dictionary

  • Silenus — [sī lē′nəs] n. [L < Gr Seilēnos] Gr. Myth. 1. the foster father and tutor of Dionysus and leader of the satyrs, traditionally pictured as a fat, drunken, jovial old man with pointed ears 2. pl. sileni [sī lē′nī] [s ] any of a group of woodland …   English World dictionary

  • Silenus — The Silenoi (Σειληνοί) were followers of Dionysus. They were drunks, and were usually bald and fat with thick lips and squat noses, and had the legs of a human. Later, the plural silenoi went out of use and the only references were to one… …   Wikipedia

  • SILENUS — I. SILENUS Bacchi nutritius et Paedagogus, semper asinô vehi solitus: quem Aratus, in gratiam alumm, inter sidera translatum dicit. Silenos vero provectioris aetatis Satyros dici, affirmat Pausan. l. 1. quos ebrios, ut plurimum, fingunt. Unde… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Silenus — Silenos mit dem Bacchusknaben (Vatikan) Silenos oder Seilenos (lateinisch Silenus) ist in der griechischen Mythologie der Sohn des Hirtengottes Pan oder des Hermes und einer Nymphe. In Nysa soll er von den Nymphen großgezogen und dort König… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • silenus — Wanderoo Wan der*oo , n. [Cingalese wanderu a monkey.] (Zo[ o]l.) A large monkey ({Macacus silenus}) native of Malabar. It is black, or nearly so, but has a long white or gray beard encircling the face. Called also {maha}, {silenus},… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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